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Mens Health
Article about Sleep Apnea

Pathophysiology of OSA

  1. Remmers, J, et al.: Oathogenesis of upper airway occlusion during sleep.
    J Appl Physiol 44:931-938, 1978.
    Journal of Applied Physiology
  2. Horner, R, et al.: Pharyngeal size and shape during wakefulness and sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
    QJM 72:719-735, 1989.   Qatar Medical Journal:
  3. Hudgel, D, Surratt, P: The human airway during sleep. In Saunders, NA, Sullivan, CE(eds): Sleep and Breathing, ed 2. New York, Marcel, Dekker, Inc., 1994. pag 191-208.
    Journal of Sleep and Breathing
  4. Isono, S, Remmers, J: Anatomy and physiology of upper airway obstruction. In Kryger, MH, Roth, T, Dement, WC (eds): Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, ed 2.
    London, WB, Saunders, 1994, pgs 632-656.
  5. Isono, S, et al.: Anatomy of pharynx in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and in normal subjects. J Appl Physiol 82:1319-1326, 1997.
    Journal of Applied Physiology

Consequences of OSA

  1. 1. Block, A, et al.: Sleep apnea, hypopnea, and oxygen desaturation in normal subjects.
    N Engle J Med 300:513-517, 1979. The New England Journal of Medicine
  2. 2. He, J, et al.: Mortality and apnea index in obstructive Sleep apnea. Experience in 385 male patients.
    Chest 94:9-14, 1988. Chest: The Cardiopulmonary and Critical Care Journal
  3. 3. Findley, L, et al.: Automobile accidents involving patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
    Am Rev Respir Dis 138:337-340, 1988.